The philosophy of ancient India: its features and form

philosophy of ancient India, with all its diversity and richness, characterized by a certain internal unity.The philosophy of ancient India ancient Indian philosophical ideas began their formation about the second millennium BC.Until now, these ideas have come down due to the Vedas - the ancient Indian literary monument.Veda - a peculiar prayers, hymns, incantations, written in Sanskrit.Despite the fact that the Vedas represent something mythical and semi-religious, it is in their first attempt to explain the philosophical world around the person.

Upanishads - philosophical works

Literally, the term "Upanishad" means "to sit at the feet of the teacher and listen to his instructions."Such works of philosophers were about IX-VI centuries BC.e.The shape of the Upanishads - is basically a dialogue with the student or sage man who seeks the truth.The philosophy of ancient India in the Upanishads - a kind of understanding of the phenomena in the world.The philosophers of ancient India So there are ideas that there is a great amount of knowledge: logic, grammar, astro

nomy and so on.And philosophy becomes one of the areas of knowledge.The Upanishads have played a big role in Indian philosophy.It is this knowledge, in fact, has become the foundation for all subsequent movements that have emerged in India.

Buddhism

most difficult philosophy of ancient India - is Buddhism.Since the advent of the Buddha in the history of Indian spiritual and religious system is completely transformed.It has been regarded as a philosophical doctrine.The philosophers of ancient India are of the opinion that the soul, as well as the body - is a consequence of instantaneous interaction dharma (special elements being).The combination of these elements is that, in the ordinary sense is considered to be sensations, feelings and other things.The result should be very significant for the conclusion of Buddhism: the body and the soul is not something stable form, they are in constant change, although man, going from a state of birth in the state of death, is not aware of this report.

Features philosophy of ancient India

Features of the philosophy of ancient India

Buddha's teaching is based on four important truths:

  1. Suffering covers all aspects and stages of human life, from birth to death (illness, loss, etc.).According to Buddhism, suffering is a universal property of every human life.
  2. cause of human suffering is the movement of dharma (without beginning or objective), which creates endless combinations of life.As one of the reasons noted human attachment to the satisfaction of their feelings, passions and life in general.
  3. suffering may end in real life, if you will submit to the denial of his "I" objects in the external world, if renounce attachment and absolute.
  4. path of deliverance from suffering - this is the eightfold path of salvation that leads to the highest goal - nirvana.

Conclusion

philosophy of ancient India at all times relied on previous traditions and are often the explanation of the existing heritage.In addition, the culture of the Indian philosophy, of course, is very different from the traditions of European philosophy as closely linked with religion and myths.