Hen: breed descriptions with photos.

problems of modern poultry egg direction - to satisfy the population's demand for food, specifically - in the eggs.The decisive role in this issue played breed laying hens.Increased productivity allows the birds to enter new amounts in the production of eggs.Breeders are working to ensure that the new breed laying hens had not only high egg production, but also gave a better egg quality.

little history

first guessed raising chickens to produce eggs from which the Indians three thousand years ago.Later, poultry farming has spread to Egypt and Persia.Then the residents appreciated the benefits of poultry and other countries and continents.But at the initial stage nobody has specialized breed breeding laying hens.

laying hens breed

Much later, with the development of industry and specialization by type of poultry productivity began to appear new breeds.Breeders have worked on fixing such qualities as:

  • egg production;
  • undemanding to feed;
  • egg weight;
  • hardness of the shell;
  • viable offspring;
  • resistance to disease;
  • calm disposition.

Their efforts were not in vain.Best of breed laying hens used in the poultry industry.Excellent production figures have attracted the attention and private owners.In the courtyards of small farmers and "summer" Truckers walk hens.Breed them - a variety, it all depends on the preference of poultry farmers.

For certain matters the color eggs for someone the most important thing - the weight and quantity.Some prefer having a nice dwarf bird capable, nevertheless, provide a sufficient number of its host of fresh eggs.Breeds of domestic hens can meet almost any requirements.

General characteristics of egg breeds

Bird Highly productive, despite the huge variety of species has some features in common.They are inherent in hens egg direction is:

  • bird with a light bone structure, medium-sized (maximum weight of a rooster - in the range of 3 kg);
  • have an elongated tail feathers and a large wing span;
  • has large comb teeth 7 lobes and large;
  • chickens moving, a little prone to incubating, some breeds without incubators play virtually impossible (this is more true of the crosses);
  • bird needs constant feeding mineral calcium supplements, balanced food in large quantities;
  • early puberty provides start laying eggs at the age of 4.5 months.

Bird adapted to the content of the cells is good "cover" food.Due to rapid metabolism and small body size chickens egg breeds are very mobile and are characterized by a good appetite.It is important to provide the body with hens enough calcium.To do this, use special mineral supplements.

Egg chickens with proper maintenance will be an excellent investment.Quick return on investment and providing dietary food - the main advantages of breeding egg laying hens.

Species egg laying hens

On every continent displayed breed hens adapted to the specific conditions of detention, and the availability of local feed demand.Each breed has its own peculiarities.

brought them a lot, that's best of breed hens:

  • haysek;
  • Leghorn;
  • Minorca;
  • Ancona;
  • Breukelen;
  • Kuchinskaya anniversary;
  • Italian kuropatchataya;
  • Andalusian blue;
  • Hamburg;
  • Lohman Brown;
  • Shaver
  • Czech golden.

Each of these groups is perfectly suitable for poultry, and for the maintenance of the private courtyard.Description rock hens should start with the most famous and popular in the world - Leghorn.

Leghorn

Classical breed chickens, began its history back in the nineteenth century.It was obtained by targeted crossing local birds with Spanish a fighter hens and Minorca.Breed Leghorn hens differ endurance and excellent acclimatization.These qualities have played a significant role in its widespread throughout the world, especially the white leghorn.

Feature:

  • egg production - up to 300 eggs a year (some individuals manage to carry up to 400 pieces);
  • egg weight - 60-62 grams;
  • hatchability - up to 92%;
  • egg color - white;
  • particular - can not tolerate extraneous noise, prone to "noise hysteria";
  • chicken weight - 1.7 kg;
  • cock can weigh up to 2.5 kg;
  • hatching - the instinct of weakly expressed;
  • temperament - active;
  • productivity - egg.breeds of laying hens

the best breed hens stands proud bearing.It has a triangular body, the neck with a beautiful bend, medium-sized head with bright red leaf-shaped crest.In females it is hanging on one side, while the males is straight.The color of the iris can determine the age of the layers: adult hens it is pale yellow, young - dark orange.The beak is yellow and strong.

birds have extended the back with a small concavity in the middle.Chest comes forward, it has a rounded shape.Neoperennye, medium-length legs.Roosters boast luxurious tail feathers with long crescent-shaped.

Leghorn today often serve as the basis for breeding new crosses and lines for the production of eggs on an industrial basis.Households also used not purebred chickens, and crosses with the greatest productivity.From them it is possible to receive both the egg white and brown.

lively temperament makes the bird to be constantly on the move in search of food, pebbles or insects.Precocity, rapid acclimatization, endurance - these qualities make Leghorn attractive for breeding in the private sector.The highest egg production observed in the first year, and then it drops.There

Brown Leghorn, giving the eggs a dark color.Recently, consumers prefer eggs with a shell.Compared with white Leghorn brown significantly worse acclimatize.Bird demanding conditions and feeding.

Leghorn Chickens used in the industrial production of eggs, and home maintenance.In private farms are famous for to improve the quality of local chickens.

Haysek

hens breed haysek also not neglected by poultry farmers.Excellent adaptability to new conditions, and resistance to many diseases, along with great value for the cost of food on the number of products obtained contributes to the wide dissemination of this bird.

breed was developed in the Netherlands in 1970.If you take into account the parameters of the official animal breeding, then haysek - a hybrid of Leghorn.

efforts of breeders have been created two species: hens breed haysek haysek white and brown.The first hybrid is white plumage color, the second - brown.This "gift" from the New Hampshire chickens, which were used by breeders.Higher productivity have a hen breed haysek Brown.

Haysek white

Chickens are small, with a slight bone.Externally very similar to Leghorn chickens.A distinctive feature of all is the presence of birds chic crest.Its value does not allow him to maintain an upright position, and he coyly hanging to one side.

Another characteristic feature - a silky, very pleasant to the touch plumage.In spite of an active lifestyle, the nature of a bird quite balanced.

laying hens breed haysek

hens breed white haysek have the following parameters:

  • egg production - up to 280 eggs a year;
  • egg weight - up to 65 grams (and sometimes reaches a value of 90 grams);
  • hatchability - up to 95%;
  • egg color - white;
  • features - endure infectious, helminthic and fungal diseases;
  • chicken weight - 1.8 kg;
  • rooster weight - 2.0 kg;
  • hatching - the instinct of weakly expressed;
  • temperament - calm;
  • productivity - egg.

Chickens require good conditions, they need mineral supplements.Any violation of the norms of the content of zootechnical immediately affects their productivity.Particularly acute are reacting to the worsening nursing.

Haysek Brown

For any breeder engaged in breeding new breed, the first place is productivity.Haysek Brown is more narrowly focused than the white hybrid, respectively, better egg production.They have the same resistance to disease, as in hayseka white.Color brown plumage of a bird, sometimes the tips of the feathers are white.

laying hens breed brown haysek

Hens hen breed brown haysek have such indicators:

  • egg production - up to 315 eggs a year;
  • egg weight - up to 70 grams;
  • hatchability - up to 99%;
  • egg color - red;
  • features - hardy, sensitive to changes in temperature (increase - reduced feed intake, on productivity is not affected);
  • weight hens - up to 2.0 kg;
  • rooster weight - 2.6 kg;
  • hatching - the instinct of weakly expressed;
  • temperament - phlegmatic;
  • productivity - egg-meat.

To improve the quality of meat is recommended to enter the brown hens haysek feed grains: corn, oats, wheat.As a top dressing perfectly suited tomatoes, cucumbers, root vegetables, pumpkin, zucchini.

Lohman Brown

Breeders Germany set for itself the task to bring the cross, does not depend on conditions.Source rocks served as Plymouth and Rhode Island.Individuals of the first generation were crossed with each other.

Hybrids paternal were carriers of color gene.The offspring had brown color with splashes of black feathers on the tips of the wings and tail.Through the mother hens were white feather.Plumage cross Loman Brown has a reddish-brown color.

Description breeds laying hens

hens of breed Lohman Brown characterized by the following indicators:

  • egg production - up to 320 eggs a year;
  • egg weight - up to 65 grams;
  • hatchability - up to 98%;
  • color eggs - brown;
  • features - simplicity of content;
  • chicken weight - up to 2.0 kg;
  • rooster weight - 3.5 kg;
  • hatching - the instinct of weakly expressed;
  • temperament - calm;
  • productivity - egg-meat.

chickens begin laying eggs at 21 weeks of his life.Peak egg production takes place on 26-30 weeks.From one laying hens breed Lohman Brown gets up to 320 eggs of excellent quality.At the beginning of laying eggs smaller then reach their average value in 63-65 grams.

After 80 weeks of egg production drops sharply, because the further content of poultry for egg unprofitable.It is advisable to hammer it into the meat.From each animal carcass can receive up to 2 kg meat of high quality.

simplicity of content makes this breed very marketable.A variety of climatic conditions do not affect the performance of the birds.But any disruption in power supply (normally, the multiplicity of feeding volume, balance feed) entails a sharp decline in productivity.Power chicks and adult hens differ in composition and rate.Get

highly productive offspring of these chickens in the private sector will fail.Top quality breed reproduce only in selective breeding.It is recommended to purchase this breed chickens at poultry farms.On spontaneous market purchase may result in disappointment.It is very difficult to distinguish in the eyes of breed Lohman Brown chicken from the usual layers, like her plumage in color.

Species home breeding

Which breed laying hens better, everyone decides for himself the owner of the yard.Of course, more profitable to keep chickens capable of producing lots of eggs.The second type of products - meat.It is desirable that a chicken carcass of a good weight and has good taste.

Depending on the purpose of choosing a breed for breeding and maintenance.The selection criteria are:

  • availability breed;
  • specialization (meat, eggs);
  • productivity;
  • resistance to disease;
  • capacity for acclimatization;
  • the use of local feed;
  • the market.

For commercial egg production is the best breed of Leghorn.In the first year they give maximum egg production, later it starts to decline.At one year of age slaughtered poultry and livestock herd update.This allows you to maintain egg production at a consistently high level, and the meat gives additional profit.breed hens laying hens

hens Leghorn tolerate cellular content, which is an additional advantage when choosing a breed.

addition, Leghorn roosters can be used to improve local chicken.The productivity of the first generation, due to the phenomenon of heterosis, to be materially different from the parent rock higher rates of egg production.

breeds hens combined expertise enjoyed particularly high demand.From the above-described most for the content of the private sector is suitable breed Lohman Brown.With high rates of egg-laying bird is able to give a decent weight of carcass meat with excellent taste.

They are perfectly adapted to the cell content, but require clear rules and stick to the diet.Another detail - in the private sector it is impossible to get high-quality offspring naturally.To update the herd have to turn on the poultry farm.

Many fanciers breed has taken on one criterion - the color of the plumage.They find it very aesthetic spectacle, when the yard stroll white hens.White rocks are numerous and varied.In addition to the representatives of the above, it is possible to note the breed:

  • Russian White: Productivity - 255 eggs weighing up to 62 grams;
  • alshteyr (white) egg production - up to 200 pieces, the weight of the eggs - up to 64 grams.

Crosses:

  • tetra (white) egg production - 310 eggs, the weight of 67 grams;
  • Shaver White: amazing productivity - 405 eggs weighing 62 grams (this is the average);
  • High Line, egg production reaches 350 eggs, the weight of 65 grams;
  • izobraun, egg production - up to 320 eggs, the weight of 63 grams

noticed that the breed laying hens with white feathers are different from their companions for productivity, it is they have higher and larger eggs.This is one of the main reasons that a gene pool of these birds are so carefully genetics around the world.

in private households such chickens are invaluable material for the production of highly productive poultry, regardless of whether they are bred in the "purity" or used as improve the breed.

Prospects poultry

growing world population needs for food remains the most powerful incentive to continue breeding.Modern egg-laying breeds are capable of in the first year to more than 200 eggs.These successes have been achieved since the twenties of the last century, when, in fact, began a targeted removal of chickens for productive specialization.chicken hen breed

During this period was derived more than a hundred species of egg chickens, meat, decorative or multi-purpose.Today, the geneticists task not only to maintain a high egg-laying hens, but also ensure the quality of the product itself.Pay attention to:

  • strength of the shell;
  • egg composition;
  • egg weight.

developed new technologies for poultry.The work on the optimization of the feed for laying hens.This will get the egg to the settings on the qualitative and quantitative content of certain nutrients.

Despite the variety of breeds, breeders all over the world continue to work on breeding new lines and crosses.Special emphasis is placed on the crosses.It has long been known that when compared purebred poultry or cross, it is preferable to the second.