Types of production.

The purpose of any business is to create the final product consumption, its implementation and making a profit.Organizational types of production are: Agricultural production

- mass;

- serial;

- isolated.

types of production are classified according to the scale of the manufacturing process, the nature of the products, as well as the conditions of the work.The ultimate goal and objectives of this differentiation - search and use the most appropriate and cost-effective methods of producing the final product, depending on its destination, demand and consumption.Let us consider, what are the types of production, each individually.

Mass.Terms of the organization.Advantages and disadvantages of organizational types of production

involves production of the same type of product, according to the pattern.The most profitable type of production in economic terms.It does not require highly skilled workforce, specialized equipment requiring changeover for production of another type of product.It is based on repetitive main and auxiliary operations process.The m

ain conditions: the organization of the measure and rhythm of production, reducing the distance between the incremental movement of the stream, creating the desired length of the conveyor and the definition of its speed.It is important that every part of the production line of the final product was neperegruzhen not idle during the manufacturing process.Main advantages: continuity, specialization, a clear distinction between the flue and production phases.The main drawbacks: the lack of mobility in relation to consumer demand, the monotony of labor leads to high staff turnover.

serial.Volumes organization.Features.Advantages and disadvantages of

most mobile and quickly reconfigurable under way to organize the market conditions of the existing types of production.It produces the final product batches at the same time a number of product names, uses, in the process as the special mechanisms and the universal, human resources involved in several areas of work that requires skills and broad expertise.Serial production is further divided into types of production: forms of organization and types of production

- small-scale;

- medium series;

- Large scale.

The disadvantages include the following: volatility of market relations could lead to stop the process or cause disruptions in the event of incorrectly carried out by market research possible overstocking warehouses and stocks remains a work in progress.Lot size may not match an available production capacity.However, if you define preferred types of production in each case, the serial will be more profitable for the private business.

Single.Scope

This type of production includes single-piece manufacturing of the final product.It requires sophisticated equipment capable of ensuring the completeness and technical process conditions, highly skilled workforce, able to maintain such arrangements, the calculation of specifications of stocks of materials and the timing for order fulfillment.To this type belong the enterprise sectors rocket, shipbuilding, etc., as a rule, companies working on government contracts.In addition, the types of production piece of work and services, which are engaged in small businesses, such as Atelier individual tailoring, shoes, manufacture of furniture to order, providing all kinds of services to a particular customer, also apply to a single type of production.In practice, throughout the country organizational forms and types of production exist and are used in a combined form.