If you look in dictionaries and reference books, you can find out what the sea is a part of the ocean, an isolated land or underwater terrain features.Following this definition, we can say that the Laptev Sea is part of the Arctic Ocean.Almost all the experts point out that this is one of the most severe arctic seas.If the Barents and Kara seas are influenced by warm Gulf Stream ocean, then these places its influence does not reach.The long and harsh winter contributes to the formation of large amounts of sea ice.
Laptev Sea is located at the same distance from both the Atlantic and on the Pacific Ocean.Warm air masses in the Arctic almost punched.Even in the southern waters of negative temperatures persist for 9 months of the year.In the north, this time even more - almost 11 months.The average January temperature ranges from 25 to 35 degrees below zero.The absolute minimum temperature recorded here - 610S.At the same time above the sea surface is largely maintain
flows into the Laptev Sea, the river: Anabar, Khatanga Olenyok, Lena, Yana - bear in its waters a large amount of silt, gravel, sand and boulders.Plus, the river water is much desalinate sea water at the confluence.So, at the mouth of the Lena River water salinity is only 1%.While the average is equal to 34%.At greater depths the sea bottom is covered with silt.This is due to the fact that the river regularly endure at sea substantial amounts of soil.River sediments up to 25 centimeters per year.For this reason, the coastal areas have a relatively small depth of 20 - 50 meters.
Unlike other bodies of water, most of the year the Laptev Sea is covered with ice.The formation of ice begins in September, almost the entire territory.In winter, in the shallows in the eastern part forms the fast ice thickness up to two meters.Melt the ice begins in June-July.And by August, a significant part of the area is freed from ice.The warm, so to speak, between the ice edge changes its position under the influence of winds and currents.Taimyr ice massif down to the sea.He carries a large amount of multi-year ice that does not melt in a short time to polar summer.
Flora and Fauna
easy to guess that the sea temperature determines the qualitative composition of plants and animals that live in its waters.Phytoplankton is presented in a limited number of algae and plants, which are common in the brackish waters.Zoological represented certain types of plankton ciliates, rotifers and other organisms that are food for Arctic species of fish.These include whitefish, cisco, brook trout, white salmon and sturgeon.Among the mammals here live walruses, seals and polar bears.Not far from the coast of nesting gulls.