exotic native of India eggplant - delicious and incredibly useful vegetable that has long earned the love and respect of local gardeners.Grow it in the temperate latitudes of Russia is quite difficult.This gentle Southerner responds to even small changes in temperature, so the best solution is to plant eggplant in a greenhouse. in an enclosed space created excellent conditions for the development and growth of vegetables, similar to the wet tropical heat of Burma and India.Let's talk about how to grow eggplant in the greenhouse, what issues may arise, and how to care for plants.
Terms growing eggplant
basic condition for the proper development of a growing eggplant them apart from other cultures.An exception can only be tomatoes.This - the only portable neighborhood.Eggplant puts special demands on almost all stages of development: while preparing the soil, planting seedlings, the implementation of irrigation and temperature control.But efforts are rewarded with a magnificent crop growers legendary
Care eggplant in the greenhouse begins with soil preparation.Taking care of the soil is necessary, as the eggplant is very demanding and capricious, it is sensitive to the composition of the soil and should be planted in well prepared soil. soil in the greenhouse should be:
▪ update by removing fragments of roots and the remnants of above-ground parts of plants;
▪ several times to shed water;
▪ disinfected, a solution of 60 g of copper sulfate in 10 liters of water.
Once all actions should be allowed to dry out the ground and dig on a bayonet spade.Eggplant rejects acidic soil.To reduce the acidity necessary to introduce dolomite in the amount of 50-60 g per 1 sq.meter.For the good of eggplants need fertilizer.The best dressing, of course, is organic - dung compost or humus.It is added to the soil before planting at the rate of 0.5 buckets per 1 square.meter.In addition to organic needs and complex mineral fertilizers with a balanced composition of nitrogen and phosphate fertilizing.Another necessary condition for the successful establishment of seedlings - planting eggplants need to warm up to +15 ° C the ground.
Answering a question on how to grow eggplant in the greenhouse, it should be remembered that in addition to the preparation of the soil, there are many different nuances.Well dug up and treated soil in the greenhouse before planting should be leveled.Then you need to mark the wells depth of 10-15 cm, keeping between them an interval of 45-50 cm. The distance between rows - 60 cm. When planting seedlings each well shed 1.5 liters of a solution of manganese or "fitosporin" and add a handful of wood ash.It is important to control the temperature of the air and soil in the greenhouse.Planting should be carried out on heating the soil up to +15 ° C, and air - up to + 18-20 ° C.
eggplant seedlings require careful handling - it is very fragile.Plants should be planted carefully, trying not to damage the delicate roots.Before the seedlings planted in the ground, its pre-watered to make it easier to remove from the container, and a clod of earth on the roots do not crumble.
seedling should be planted slightly deeper than the level at which it was in the drawer or container.Upon completion of planting, the soil is compacted and watered again.
As watered the eggplant in a greenhouse
finish the initial stage, moving on to the next.It begins with the watering, which is very important to the culture.Eggplants love the water, so they need to be watered regularly.In the event of lack of moisture will be showered flowers and fruits lose much of the quality and size.The main condition imposed on the glaze: water should be warm, the temperature - not less than + 23 ° C.Using cold water can negate all the efforts to grow vegetables.The first watering is carried out after 5 days of planting.Subsequently, regular watering must comply with once a week.
during irrigation can not wet the leaves of eggplant, water should flow at the root.It is necessary to ensure access of water to the roots, it should not flow down the beds.Therefore, we must periodically to loosen the ground.The frequency and intensity of irrigation increases when the plant begins to bear fruit: Now it is necessary to drink 2 times a week, preventing the drying of the soil.For a large crop of eggplant in a greenhouse is necessary to create an ideal environment: high humidity of the soil with a comfortable humidity. better to water the vegetables in the morning and be sure to arrange ventilation.This is necessary to prevent fungal diseases.
How to grow eggplant in the greenhouse?In addition to timely watering for a good development of culture should be mindful of the need for fertilizing.For the entire growing season to make fertilizer 3-4 times require.The first time feed up a plant in 2-3 weeks after planting.Culture in this time good time to take root and develop a root system capable of receiving food from the soil.
second dressing should be done before flowering eggplant.While not fruiting plants, they should be fed universal complex fertilizers, for example, "Rastvorinom" or "Kemira" means dissolving 35-40 g in 10 liters of water.When fruit set switching to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization: 30 g of superphosphate and ammonium nitrate in a bucket of water.For better development eggplant should be alternated with the introduction of organic fertilizers, but can not be abused by those of any other. We should not forget that in the period of fruiting plants are particularly vulnerable to various pests.Therefore, from time to time should be simple prevention: Periodically sprinkle wood ash plant aisles.
Respect the temperature regime
Do not forget about maintaining optimal temperature in the greenhouse.It ranges from 25 ° C to +28 ° C.Exceeding the 35-degree barrier will lead to the withering of fruit and drop to + 13 ° C - stunting.Therefore, to control the temperature regime must be constantly: Ventilate greenhouses in hot weather, while avoiding drafts, as the eggplant may lose color and warm during cold weather, of course, to the extent possible.Failure to comply with these rules may seriously damage productivity.Therefore, answers to questions, such as why wilt eggplant in a greenhouse, to be found in non-compliance with the recommendations on the cultivation of vegetables.Wither eggplant may occur due to careless irrigation, lack of loosening, improper ventilation or conversely arising draft.And maybe the eggplant was attacked a disgusting infection.The reasons can be as much as necessary, but to eliminate as many as possible, we must adhere to these conditions.
Special conditions for a good development
few words about greenhouses.With proper care the plants feel well at any shelter.But from a purely practical point of view, the eggplant in a greenhouse polycarbonate have a more comfortable habitat.In these greenhouses easier to care for them properly ventilated, water and time to notice the pests.Greenhouse culture is always more delicate and fragile than those that grow in the open space.By garter tall varieties of eggplant to the trellis for the proper formation of the bush, we must not forget.Low-growing varieties do not need to be tied.Pinch eggplant is not necessary, is sufficient to remove from the stalk withered leaves and immature ovaries.Unless fastened eggplant in the greenhouse, they may help dissolving 2 g of boric acid in 10 liters of hot water sprinkled liberally and plants.After some time, should feed them."Little blue" sensitive to the lack of fertilizer.For example, yellow eggplant in a greenhouse from lack of nitrogen, and extended at an acute angle to the stem leaves - a sure sign of phosphorus starvation.Improper care of plantings - watering with cold water, drafts, too high humidity, as well as delayed nitrogen fertilization can result in dropping of flowers and ovaries.
Diseases of eggplant in the greenhouse
Unfortunately, eggplant - a very vulnerable vegetable.He has many enemies, such as the tobacco mosaic and blight.In the fight with them well established drugs "fitosporin" and "Zircon".Preventive watering solutions of these funds will help to protect against Phytophthora eggplant and tobacco mosaic.A presowing soil preparations containing copper, neutralize ground.
Eggplant often suffer from Fusarium.This fungal disease is fatal to the plant.The fungus penetrates through the roots into culture, it affects the entire vascular system.That is why yellowing eggplant in the greenhouse.This is the first sign of Fusarium.Then the leaves wither and fall off.Since the cardiovascular system is affected, the plant will not be able to save.The cross section of the stem you can see the color change of the vascular ring - it becomes brown and the root neck of the plaque has a pinkish spores. cause of the problem can be infected seeds.In this case, you will need to change them.Failure to comply with agricultural techniques of cultivation of eggplant can also cause a variety of viral lesions.Therefore, the fight against them include not only the processing of drug culture, but also a variety of agricultural practices.How to grow eggplant in a greenhouse without viral diseases?Let's try to understand what preventive measures should be taken.
blackleg fungus causes thinning and darkening of the root collar.With the defeat of the virus plant begins to fade gradually, and at its transition to the root system - dies.Usually blackleg affects shoots, but sometimes high humidity in the greenhouse soil awakens accidentally hit the ground virus.
To avoid such failures, the ground in the greenhouse completely change or disinfect with a solution of bleach.And to prevent the emergence and development of blackleg must not thicken crops, to avoid changes in temperature and pour the plant.Infected plants must be immediately removed, loosen the soil and sprinkle ashes.
Mosaic Mosaic - the disease, characterized by a motley mosaic-green coloration and distortion of leaves and yellow spots on the fruit.Such damage can cause poor-quality seed or mechanical damage when transplanting seedlings. Preplanting half-hour treatment of seeds with 20 percent hydrochloric acid helps relieve landing from defeat mosaics.Upon detection of the disease in a greenhouse is necessary to remove and burn diseased plants and gardening equipment disinfected.
Gray mold Gray mold
manifests as dark sprawling water spots on all above-ground parts of the plant, subsequently forming a gray powder.High humidity in the greenhouse acts as a catalyst for the development of the disease.
With the defeat of this fungus eggplants need a special treatment of plants and soil fungicides, disposal of contaminated crops and all plant debris from the greenhouse after harvesting of vegetables.
Diseases of eggplant in the greenhouse are not only viruses, but also pests.Often, but uninvited guests are slugs, spider mites, whiteflies, aphids and Colorado potato beetle.Existing harmless to human drug "Arrow" is quite effective in the fight against pests and can be used in greenhouses.It eliminates the slugs loosening the soil with the treatment of soil dry mustard powder and pepper mixed with wood ash.Spoil the mood of growers aphids on eggplant in a greenhouse.Against it used malathion, when the fruit is not yet fastened or sprayed extract of wood ash, which is prepared as follows: 1 cup of ash per day insist in 10 liters of water.Apply pesticides in greenhouses is not recommended.So fight the Colorado potato beetle and whitefly have old-fashioned way.Against whiteflies used sticky traps or drug "Iskra-bio".Zhukov is harvested by hand.
Care eggplant in the greenhouse is carried out throughout the season.Maintaining order in the beds with eggplant lead to the desired result: Collection of vegetables begins when it reaches the inherent class size and coloring.