Medicine Facts: Sjogren's disease

Shengrena disease is a disorder of the immune system.The main symptoms of it - dry eyes and mouth.Sjogren's disease (or rather a syndrome) often accompanied by other disorders of immunity, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.But first affects the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth, which is why in the body decreases the production of saliva and tears.

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Sjogren's disease: symptoms

signs of the disease are:

  • Xerophthalmia (also known as "dry eye"), which burns and irritates our visual organs.A person feeling that they hit the sand.

  • Xerostomia (or "dry mouth") - creates a feeling in the mouth, as if he was full of cotton wool.It is difficult to speak or swallow.

  • Some patients with a diagnosis of "Sjogren's disease," there are symptoms such as joint pain, swelling of the salivary glands, skin rash, vaginal dryness, persistent dry cough, weakness.

Sjogren's disease and what causes it

Sjogren This autoimmune disease is a disorder of the system.This means that the immune system mistaken

ly attacks its own cells and tissues of the body.Medicine to the end is not clear why some develop Sjogren's disease, while others do not.Genes may be the cause of the disorder of immunity, but it occurs under certain conditions.For example, after the body has got any viruses or bacteria.However, the cause of the disease lies not necessarily in this.In addition to being affected mainly the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth, as the immune system mistakenly attacks and may other organs: joints, thyroid, kidney, liver, lungs, nerves, skin and muscle.

Sjogren's disease and risk factors

Although the fact that the disease can develop in any person, there are certain groups of people that are most prone to it:

  • Sjogren's disease is most often found in persons overforty years.

  • According to statistics, 9 out of 10 cases are women.

  • People who once upon a time been ill with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic scleroderma, lupus erythematosus, primary biliary cirrhosis, and others. Diseases, Sj√∂gren's syndrome often sick, because it can itself develop after a person has suffered one of the followingailments.

Sjogren's disease and its treatment

Unfortunately, medicine has not yet found an effective drug to combat the disease.Usually, if the detected Sjogren's disease, the treatment is Sjogren eliminate symptoms.Some people lack the large consumption of water and dripping into the eyes available at the pharmacy drops.But others may need special medications or even surgery.To eliminate xerophthalmia may help artificial tears.Some patients use special glasses, which from time to time moisten the eyes.For the treatment of xerostomia sometimes prescribed medications, such as medication "pilocarpine" which enhances salivation.They can be assigned to different medications that are designed to eliminate pain in other organs.Experienced surgeons are able to close the transaction by means of lacrimal channels, which remove the tears from the eyes.To do this, apply silicone or temporary blockage laser outflows.It is important to bear in mind that Sjogren's disease in each patient proceeds differently.