Abdominal pain in pregnancy


Abdominal pain is perhaps the most common complaint of pregnant women.In principle, with abdominal pain faces almost every one of us, but during pregnancy, when the growing tummy received increased attention, any discomfort in this area expectant mothers perceive with great anxiety.

Abdominal pain often act as a symptom of various diseases and to determine what kind of disease is in question, it is necessary to clarify the characteristics of pain - this can be a sharp, sudden pain originated, but also we can talk about chronic,constant pain.There are roughly cramping pain when attacks followed by periods of calm, and persistent pain.If pain upper abdomen, most likely, we are talking about diseases of the stomach, biliary system.Pain in the navel often accompanies diseases of the small intestine.

In some cases, abdominal pain may be a symptom of a serious disease, which require qualified treatment.

threat of miscarriage

If it is a pain in the abdomen, then we can talk ogroze spontaneous abortion.

In the period prior to abortion, expectant mother may feel a nagging pain in the abdomen, feels reminiscent of pain during menstruation.Typically, this pain is localized in the center of the abdomen, just above the vagina, often accompanied by frequent urination, mucous discharge, pain in the rump.Usually, this pain occurs under the influence of emotional or physical stress and at rest subsides.If during this period you will not go to a doctor if you do not take any measures, the high risk that pregnancies ended in spontaneous miscarriage.Just before the miscarriage pain can change the character - women may complain of cramping, which are repeated at regular intervals.

When it comes to the second half of pregnancy, it is a major cause for seeking medical attention should be pain, accompanied by tension of the uterus - in this case, the stomach hardens, it becomes solid.If the process is run in the future may appear spotting - all symptoms of a miscarriage and requires immediate treatment to the doctor.

will be used for the diagnosis of ultrasound, by means of which can be detected increased uterine tone, placental abruption, fetal eggs and other abnormalities of pregnancy.Also, using ultrasound the doctor will determine the status of the fetus, which will pick up further tactics of treatment.In the later stages of pregnancy to diagnose commonly used CTG, which can be used to determine the presence and the uterine contractions and the fetus.

celiac disease

We must remember that pregnancy is a lot of stress for the female body, and all the diseases to which women are predisposed, during this period may manifest itself "in all its glory."Diseases of the abdominal cavity, including.And these diseases are often also accompanied by abdominal pain.For the development of such diseases predisposes many reasons.This hormonal changes in the female body that provoke reduction of intestinal peristalsis, pancreatic duct, bile duct, gall bladder, which leads to the growth of various pathogenic bacteria.This reduction of immunity, and changes in blood circulation in the vessels internal organs.All these factors lead to the development of inflammation in digestive organs.

These diseases are accompanied by characteristic features.Thus, the growth of the uterus and relax the muscles of the abdominal front wall leads to a shift of internal organs, respectively, the pain can be localized in areas atypical for these diseases, if the pregnancy are not talking.The same displacement of internal organs leads to the fact that the oil seal is responsible for limiting inflammation in the peritoneal cavity, the uterus is removed and in contact with internal organs poorly, leading to the rapid spread of the inflammatory process in the peritoneum and nearby organs.It may develop peritonitis, so you need at the first symptoms of intestinal diseases to consult a doctor.

Acute appendicitis

Acute appendicitis is, unfortunately, a fairly common problem.Typically, expectant mothers encounter it in the middle of pregnancy.Appendicitis begins with sudden sharp abdominal pain, which eventually becomes permanent and aching moves into the region of the appendix.The appendix is ​​located in the lower third of the right abdomen during pregnancy but it is shifted slightly higher.In acute appendicitis, the pain is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sometimes increased body temperature.If the general condition has deteriorated significantly, if quickens the heartbeat, shortness of breath, there is bloating, increased body temperature, most likely, we are talking about the development of peritonitis.

cholecystitis

Another fairly common problem - an inflammation of the gallbladder, also known as cholecystitis.It is characterized by a feeling of heaviness and pain in the right upper quadrant.The pain may be dull, dull (chronic cholecystitis) or cramping, acute (acute cholecystitis).Also, patients complain of bitterness in the mouth, abdominal distension, there may be nausea, vomiting, heartburn, eructation air and so on.

Pancreatitis

of pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas, may contribute to failure to comply with the diet (abundant fat, meat diet), violation of the outflow of bile, alcohol, stress, genetic predisposition.For acute pancreatitis characterized by severe pain in the upper abdomen, usually herpes character.Often accompanied by acute pancreatitis and disturbances stool, vomiting, decreased blood pressure.

Cystitis

for inflammation of the bladder characterized by a feeling of heaviness, a nagging pain above the vagina, which intensified during the filling of the bladder.Cutting a sharp pain supplemented frequent urination, urine is released in small portions, at the end of urination perhaps even the appearance of blood.

Foodborne diseases

Abdominal pain can be provoked and banal poisoning.This state nature of pain in the navel, cramping or pulling, which are accompanied by the liquid part of stool, vomiting, nausea.In some cases it may increase the body temperature.If the general condition of the expectant mother does not suffer unless there are signs of dehydration (pallor, severe weakness, drop in blood pressure, cold sweat, rapid pulse), treatment may be carried out at home: it is a light diet, removing toxins from the gastrointestinal tract (5-6 tabletsactivated carbon 2-3 times a day, Smecta, Enterosgel, Laktofiltrum - prescribed by a doctor), filling volume of liquid.

pain, do not pose a danger

Abdominal pain in pregnant women is not necessarily a sign of serious illness.For example, pain in the abdomen during the first trimester of pregnancy may well be provoked by physiological changes that occur in the female body.Hormones soften tissues that form the supporting mother unit, and provoked their displacement, stretching expense growth of the uterus.For some women, these processes are imperceptible, others point out minor nagging abdominal pain, tingling.Such pain can not be cramping, and a clear periodicity between bouts is not observed.

In the second, the third trimester of pregnancy, abdominal pain can be triggered by the displacement of internal organs, stretching the abdominal muscles.In addition, under the influence of pregnancy hormones, reduced intestinal motility and food moves more slowly through the intestines, which can provoke hyperextension some sections of the intestine - is also sometimes accompanied by stitching or drawing pains in the abdomen.Such pain do not require emergency medical intervention.

But in any case, if you are concerned about abdominal pain, you should immediately notify your doctor.Only a specialist is able to diagnose the problem and prescribe treatment - self-medication can lead to very unpleasant and even disastrous consequences, up to an abortion ... Do not risk their own health, the health of your baby, the more that timely diagnosis allows you to cure almost any disease.

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