sansevieriya (Sanseviera) is considered part of the eponymous family, which includes about seventy plant species and belongs to the family of the agave.All members of this family are evergreen shrubs that grow in Africa, India, South America.There it grows in the poor, desert areas, no suffering from adverse climatic conditions.In sansevieriya "traditionally" no stem, dense saber leaves grow directly from the ground, forming a rosette.On a long creeping rhizomes have dormant buds of the rhizome that give life to new leaves.
Color leaves sansevieriya interesting on a dark green background are bright horizontal streaks, they are not clear, blur, various thicknesses.Sometimes, on the edge of the sheet can pass light rim.Leaves can be smooth, erect and slightly wavy. tips of the leaves are very sharp, maybe that's why the plant has acquired the popular name "Teschin language» ?It is fair to say that the other nicknames have sansevieriya lot - the most common ones are: pike tail wolf tail, snake plant, sna
sansevieriya is a veteran in the indoor horticulture, it tamed in the 18th century and since then it does not leave the warm windowsill.Care it is not complicated, but nevertheless has some peculiarities.Despite the fact that sansevieriya very unpretentious, stable, if not indestructible plant good care does wonders.Indoor flower becomes glossy, shiny, strong, beautiful, when his "forgotten" brothers if not disappear, but they do not cause delight their appearance.
Grow sansevieriya mainly for its beautiful leaves, but in good conditions and it can bloom .The inflorescence is formed in the form of a spike, flowers are pale green with a few thin petals.They open at night and begin to exude a thick vanilla flavor and sticky honeydew, which is designed to attract insects for pollination.
In those places where sansevieriya grows wild, it is collected for the production of some household items and medicines.Its leaves are composed of dense fibers, making them ideal for the production of ropes, cables, dense economic fabric.Also, the leaves are used for the treatment of gynecological disorders, seizures, headaches, ulcers.
How to care for sansevieriya
sansevieriya - this is a plant that can grow in almost any lighting.He suited the bright sunlight on the south window, and the shadow on the north.Sansevieriya can be grown in the back of the room where the sun only occasionally get better.However strong and long-lasting lack of light can lead to stunting and browning leaves .Therefore, it is better to provide the plant at least moderate daylight.The leaves are covered with dense sansevieriya waxy coating that protects them from all adversity, including from direct sun.But in the home screen can enhance the heat and cause damage to the leaves.
sansevieriya to blossom, it needs the sun.
sansevieriya ready to grow in any warm temperatures, even the most unbearable for the human heat will pass it.But experimenting with low temperatures is not necessary, it can be fraught with hypothermia, the development of rot diseases.The lower temperature limit for sansevieriya is 15 degrees, with 10-15 degrees, it will not perish, but may be ill.
Such important conditions for many plants like humidity for sansevieriya has no value, it is accustomed to drought, the dry air and in normal room conditions, feels very comfortable.Strong humidity opposite may harm the plant.Periodically sansevieriya to wash in the shower - even in the desert, sometimes it rains.The water will wash away the dust from the leaves, replenish moisture.
Here sansevieriya with irrigation must be careful and attentive.She is able to store water for future use, and excess water will inevitably lead to rotting of the entire root system. Between waterings soil should dry out completely - inside and out, will not hurt to wait another day or two, and only then pour sansevieriya.It can survive long periods without water, so feel free to go on vacation in the summer - it will wait for you safe and sound.Watering depends on lighting - less light, the less water.Watered sansevieriya only the edge of the pot, not to get water into the center of the outlet.
transplant Transplant carried out only if sansevieriya becomes too small pot.For her, choose a shallow and wide pot, since the rhizome grows horizontally.
sansevieriya suits ready for substrate for the agave, which must be added a part of river sand.You can make your own soil, based on grassy land - 3 parts, adding a 2 parts sand and one part leaf land, peat and humus.
sansevieriya feed fertilizer for cacti from March to November every 2-3 weeks.They are fed only those plants that are on the illuminated areas, with strong location in the shadow of the excess fertilizer is harmful.
Propagated by dividing rhizomes sansevieriya and leaf cuttings, the first way a quick and easy, the second - a long and laborious.
When pot sprouts appear, they just gently separated from the roots, keeping the earth com, and transplanted into a separate pot.
leaf cuttings for propagation sheet is cut into fragments of 7-10 centimeters, dried day, the bottom of the planted in the wet sand and put in teplichku.They do not take root soon after 1.5-2.3 months.When will the new shoots, young sansevieriya can be transplanted into individual pots.
Diseases and pests
From pests sansevieriya most often affects Jose scale and spider mites.If there are signs of pests plant should be treated bednet.
leaves acquire a yellow tint and become soft with excess moisture .Just soft leaves can talk about frostbite.Brown spots on the leaves can appear as a result of burns, excessive watering, hypothermia.