home decorative tree Calamondin often popularly called "little mandarin" and find a dwarf varieties of tangerine tree.In fact Calamondin is a hybrid of the tangerine trees and fortunelly and has a second correct name tsitrofortunella .At home, it is grown because of decorative qualities, firstly, it is an evergreen plant with beautiful, dense, shiny foliage, and secondly, with the right care Calamondin fruits all year round, bright orange fruit of a long stick and look veryattractive.This is an excellent form tsitrofortunella any decor.Care Calamondin is not very complicated, so no worries buy the plant if you want to bring to life bright colors: you can do it with simple guidelines, and your green friend will be good to grow, bloom and bear fruit abundantly.
How to care for kalamodinom
Calamondin enough love of light, for a good and rapid growth it needs a bright diffused sunlight.At home, make the correct lighting is very difficult, it is possible only in a greenhouse.Therefore, a home
Tsitrofortunella carries great standard room conditions, but it is desirable to provide plant summer and winter.In the summer, the temperature should be between 24-30 degrees in winter - about 15-18.In this natural and natural temperature difference Calamondin be good bloom and bear fruit.
Call Calamondin flower heavily dependent on the humidity can not, however, the regular spray soft water it will only get better.Well located near the tsitrofortunellu natural humidifiers - aquariums or fountains, and the plant feels perfectly in the kitchen, there is usually more humid air, warm guy.
tsitrofortunellu need as necessary.This is a fairly water-loving plant, but in the end it all depends on the size of the flower, root development, soil quality.It recommended between waterings to give the top layer of the soil to dry out a bit, but in the land of the pot should be moist.Peresushka soil will negatively affect the flowering and fruiting, with a lack of moisture, you risk to find their crops showered on the windowsill.
Calamondin middle ground is needed lightness, nutritious, without clay.Suitable zemlemes of turf ground, leaf or greenhouse, compost, river sand.You can add a few pine needles or crushed into dust sphagnum moss.The substrate should be well absorb and release water, you can not make it stagnate to a depth of the pot, it is strongly harm the roots and lead to the emergence of fungal diseases.
Calamondin recommended to repot every year because the plant takes from the soil all the nutrients for flowering and fruiting.It makes sense to change the ground at the store the plant, it can be over-saturated with fertilizers or be contrary already severely depleted. transplant carried out in late winter or early spring, it is important to have time before the plant begins to actively grow and bloom .New pot choose the size of the root system, 2-3 cm longer.When transplanting the ground with the roots obtryahivayut gently, taking care not to damage them.
When transplanting, and also carry out pruning, at other times it is not worth doing.Be sure to provide the transplant quality drainage layer to drain the water, it must not be less than 5 cm.
fertilizer use special tools for citrus foliar (sprayed on the crown) or to make with the watering.Fertilize tsitrofortunellu mainly in the period of active growth and bloom from March to September every two weeks.
Calamondin Propagated by cuttings and seeds.Get seeds at home is difficult, since the fruit is not fully mature. Cuttings are cut when pruning in early spring , slice dried, dipped in a vehicle with phytohormones and planted in the ground with a large percentage of river sand.Top cuttings cover glass jar or bag, to get Teplička.Rooting takes place is not easy, so it is advisable to plant several cuttings.
Diseases and pests
From Calamondin pests can infect spider mites, whiteflies, aphids.
The leaves may fall off from tsitrofortunelly too dry air , lack of watering or drafts.
omitted, soft, twisted leaves are a sign of hypothermia or strong zasushki.
Small, curved leaves indicate the presence of pests or severe starvation flower - it is necessary to replace the soil.