Abdominal pain - quite common, including among children.In most cases, this condition is triggered by errors in feeding the baby.But sometimes it may indicate the development of certain diseases.Consider why the child has a stomach ache, and what should be the actions of parents in this situation.
sudden acute abdominal pain
Seriously alert parents have persistent abdominal pain in a child who does not go for two hours and are accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, fever and abdominal tenderness when touched.They may be associated with the following diseases.
Acute appendicitis - is an acute inflammation of the appendix cecum.When the disease stomach hurts a child permanently, the pain begins in the umbilical or epigastric area and moved to the right iliac fossa.Often the patient body temperature rises to 38 ° C, there is a one- or two-time vomiting, which does not bring relief.In addition, there is constipation, abdominal muscle strain on palpation.Such a condition requires urgent call an ambulance.
acute nephritis, or inflammation of the kidneys, is also a common cause of abdominal pain in children.In addition to the appearance of pain, acute nephritis in the child's body temperature rises, there is swelling around the eyes.This state is characterized by a mild tenderness to pat the body in the lower back and sides, a rare urinary excretion of dark color.Parents should promptly show the child to the doctor who after the necessary tests will appoint him treatment.
reason why the stomach hurts a child, may be the development of acute gastritis (inflammation of the stomach).In this case, the baby will feel pain in the iliac region, a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting frequently.This status requires a call to the doctor.
Acute pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) is not as common as the above-mentioned diseases, although still common in children.In this disease the child has pain in the epigastric region gives to the shoulder blades and has the nature of shingles.Painful syndrome is accompanied by nausea, vomiting and abdominal distention.Often acute pancreatitis is a complication of mumps.This condition is very serious and requires immediate medical attention.
In acute cystitis in a child hurts abdomen.Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder.In addition to pain in the lower abdomen cystitis is observed frequent urination, often with pain in the end, in the urine can appear traces of blood.
In addition, the lower abdomen in a child hurt in case of problems with the intestines.Girls such localized pain may indicate the development of inflammation of the uterus.
For acute pain of the abdomen of the child to give him medication is not recommended.Adoption of painkillers can "lubricate" the clinical picture of the disease, significantly utrudnit diagnosis.
worth mentioning abdominal pain in a child food poisoning.In such a situation, pain is accompanied by repeated vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, deterioration of general condition.If poisoning is necessary to call the doctor, and to give the kid his arrival saline solutions, such as Regidron or touring.
why the child often have a stomach ache?
frequent abdominal pain in a child may be associated with many factors.Note that the newborn babies in the first 2-3 months of life, there are the so-called intestinal colic.They are explained by the imperfection of the digestive system in the aged and its adaptation to the new conditions of life, inter alia, to the new food.
Some children cause recurrent abdominal pain is lactose intolerance, and the resulting milk products.In such cases, a connection with the occurrence of pain dairy food intake.If you are eliminated from the diet of baby milk-based products, unpleasant and painful sensations pass.
Often the child stomach ache with the inflammation of the gallbladder and biliary tract.These diseases develop gradually, the baby appears dull pain in the right upper quadrant, weakness, headache, bitter taste and dry mouth.Such symptoms triggered by an unhealthy diet (fatty, spicy, sweet foods), stressful situations.At the same time often have constipation or diarrhea, stool color becomes light, reminiscent of clay.When these manifestations of the child need to see a doctor.Treatment usually consists in observing a special diet food.
Less common, but the child may develop diseases of the stomach and duodenum.Such pathology also require consultation with a doctor and appropriate treatment.
In children, especially toddlers, recurring abdominal pain may be related to intestinal parasites, ascaris often.In this case, you must bring the parasites from the body of the child, only then will cease to hurt the child's abdomen.The drugs that are most often appointed by the doctor when this diagnosis is Worm and Pyrantel.Such drugs are quite toxic, so it is important not to exceed the dose and strictly comply with the instructions they receive.
stomach hurts a child: when you need to call the emergency care
sometimes pain in the stomach of the baby is an urgent need to call an ambulance.Conditions that require immediate medical attention, as follows:
- severe abdominal pain that does not go away within two hours;
- your child has pallor or cyanosis of the skin, it loses consciousness;
- there is a significant rise in temperature;
- began severe diarrhea mixed with blood or green color with fetid odor;
- arises reusable vomiting that does not stop.
These symptoms may be signs of serious illness, so if any of them need to urgently call a doctor to the house.