Each of us had to deal with the situation, when you open the nosebleeds at us, a child or loved one.But how to assist in this, know not all.While such a situation may occur very rarely, if there is disease, you should know how to stop a nosebleed.This is very important because if you are not in a timely manner and quickly take the necessary measures, complications may occur.
At first glance, a harmless nosebleed may adversely affect the general health.And in order to prevent deterioration and to prevent severe blood loss, should learn to provide assistance to the victim in time.
- main causes of the phenomenon
- foregoing factors
- First aid for bleeding arisen
- What measures is better not to take?
- If isolation does not stop
- methods of prevention events and their recurrence
main causes of the phenomenon
blood from his nose stands out even for minor injuries.This is because this part of the body there are many capillaries and blood vessels.The emerging bleeding may be compli
Here are the causes of these phenomena and variations in first aid.Often, the blood flows in people who suffer from bad habit to stick his fingers in his nostrils.The child may be a similar phenomenon with little damage to this part of the body or injury in the fight.Generally, these situations are about 70% of the total weight.They are connected, usually with the external lesion blood vessels and capillaries, arranged in the front nose section.
cases when bleeding occurs from the rear division, accounted for the remaining 30%.The reasons they are generally invisible and, therefore, relate to their manifestation is particularly closely.Very often these red selection show high pressure.
an adult and a child and an adult bleeding from the nasal passage may be a consequence of:
- lack of sleep and fatigue;
- nervous shock, stress;
- overheating of the body;
- lack of vitamin C;
- vitamin deficiency, atherosclerosis and related diseases, which are accompanied by the weakening of the walls of blood vessels;
- hormonal failure, which occurs on the background of pregnancy and menopause;
- appeared abnormal growths in the nasal cavity;
- heart disease;
- malfunction of the kidneys;
- pathology of the liver, spleen, causing blood clotting;
- intracranial hemorrhage in the lungs, the esophagus.
People who because of diseases or disorders of the nasal passage of vessels often experience bleeding, learned to distinguish the preceding factors.For example, if there is a sudden headache, dizziness, discomfort in the nose, or ringing in the ears, you can expect the appearance of the red discharge.
If bleeding caused by apparent reason, not every adult will be an occasion for a visit to the doctor, such a manifestation of an expectant mom and baby should cause a lot of questions.In general, the bleeding at a high pressure is also not considered the norm.
First aid for bleeding arisen
- a sitting position with the head slightly tilted forward for 2-3 minutes;
- place in each pass a piece of cotton wool soaked in hydrogen peroxide;
- with moderate pressure with your fingers pinch the nose and back of the head to make a cold object.
If blood from the nose went a child, you need to proceed as follows.First, you must put the baby to come out could release freely.Next, you need to be quick to get ice and apply it to the nose or forehead crumbs.Thus it is necessary to make sure that the child's feet all the time stayed warm.If the red highlight not stop when clamped within 15 seconds of cavities, try to gently place a cotton swab into the nostril.
The appearance nosebleeds should be treated very carefully.If first aid is not possible to stop the allocation of over 30 minutes, and the child - 15 minutes, you should call an ambulance.
What measures is better not to take?
In cases where this phenomenon goes on constantly, perhaps in human hypertension.This diagnosis can be confirmed by specialists after proper examination.When blood flows from the nasal passages under high pressure, it is better not to apply any measures.This can be explained the physiological characteristics of the organism, because it tries by extracting the blood fluid to lower pressure.Thus, our body prevents stroke.Basically, similar phenomena occur in the morning was in hypertensive patients.At high pressure, the blood can flow from the nose in the range from 4 to 6 am.
However, in the event of such a situation, it is strongly not recommended to go to bed, and even more so, to raise the legs.By adopting such a position, you will quickly make the situation worse, since the force of blood flow to the head, resulting in a significant loss of it.
also can not throw back his head back, because in this case the selection will begin to flow through the back of the throat.This in turn may cause vomiting.In addition, blood can be inhaled.A similar phenomenon is fraught with pneumonia.
Do not blow your nose during nasal discharge of bloody fluid.This action prevents it from stopping, as clot formation and blockage of the vessel will not happen while blowing your nose.It is better to refrain from this action and for 12 hours later.
If isolation does not stop
If you can not stop at home bloody nasal discharge liquid, do not continue to experience folk remedies.Especially when it comes to children.If the bleeding is not severe, visit a nearby hospital ENT.
If the position of the heavy and the situation can result in blood loss, quickly call an ambulance.A team of experts arrived at the scene, and will provide assistance if needed hospitalizes patient.
methods of prevention events and their recurrence
Firstly, in order to avoid similar situations in the course of the blood from the nasal passages, pass examination at the hospital for their causes.Second, if the doctor will prescribe a course of treatment, it will need to fully pass.
If the patient is hypertensive and experiencing bleeding at high pressure, it is better to regularly monitor the health.In order to avoid unpleasant situations and adverse effects of suffering from hypertension, people should avoid high blood pressure.
For the child need to organize the section of swimming and hardening to strengthen the walls of blood vessels.In addition, children should spend more time outdoors and less picking his nose, to avoid such effects.It is also recommended to ventilate the baby more often, reduce physical stress, to enrich the diet with vitamins.If necessary, adjust the schedule of the baby.