Young parents whose children have not yet reached school age, know firsthand how often the baby is sick, not just ARD. Another attack, which have had a better childhood - chickenpox.It is an infection that is transmitted by airborne droplets, namely through the mucous membranes of eyes, nose and mouth.In order to recognize the disease and isolate the child, young parents need to know how the baby begins chickenpox - What are the symptoms and treatment.
- briefly about the disease
- Treatment of chickenpox in children
- features of the disease in children under 1 year
briefly about the disease
Children usually pick up a chicken pox in kindergarten -at the same time can get sick once the entire group.It is proved that the little kids aged 1 to 12 years are easier to carry the disease, which lasts from 5 to 10 days.Chicken pox in infants, adults, pregnant women and adolescents can cause complications.Been ill kids usually do not become sick in their lifetime, but the viru
Chickenpox in children is global - the virus through mucous enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body.A typical manifestation of infection is a rash all over the body, including the genitals, lips, scalp, armpits and other end (see. Photo).Chickenpox causes severe itching, which causes the child to scratch, thereby increasing the number of blisters.After scratching can easily carry infection.
If you look closely, rash on the body of the child is the bubbles with the liquid, which is visible around the red inflamed skin (see. Photo).Bubbles burst easily by physical impact and spread the infection even more.The next day, burst bubbles dry out, but cause pain and itching.For comparison, so the herpes sore on the lips of adults.
The main symptoms of the disease in children:
- temperature rise to 38-39,5 degrees;
- cyp on the body except the palms and soles, in the form of small bubbles with redness of the tissues around;
- fatigue, drowsiness;
- poor appetite.
Chickenpox - a highly contagious disease, so affected children immediately isolated.Quarantine lasts at least 10 days in the mild form of the disease.At this time, the child should be given maximum attention, protected from drafts, maintain complete hygiene.
Treatment of chickenpox in children
When a child begins to chickenpox, it is isolated from the other children.At high temperatures give antipyretic provide bed rest.If the child is 1 year following that kid is not scratched.You can give an antihistamine to reduce itching (Diazolin, Suprastin).
Treatment of chickenpox in children does not include the reception of any medicine.Antibiotics prescribed by a doctor in case of complications that are caused by hitting the wound on the body of other viruses and bacteria.This causes extensive suppuration of the skin and mucous membranes.Treatment with antibiotics appoint a doctor.
blisters all over his body burned with green paint or potassium permanganate to disinfect and dry them (see. Photo).During a child's illness does not bathe.If particularly dirty, bathe the children briefly in a weak solution of potassium manganese.To prepare a separate bathing tub, which is then disinfected.It is undesirable to wet rash, then they do not heal.
home daily make wet cleaning with disinfectant cleaner.Linens are changed daily, underwear baby changing frequently.The room is aired several times a day.
Treatment of chickenpox in children aged 1 year to 12 years - basic steps:
- complete isolation from other children;
- home mode;
- frequent change of bed clothes;
- moxibustion brilliant green (potassium permanganate) pouting and burst bubbles;
- strict diet;
- bathing as necessary in a pink solution of potassium permanganate;
- excessive drinking;
- receiving antipyretics when needed.
blur bubbles brilliant green dries wounds and prevents the penetration of infection through the skin.In addition, the brilliant green visually shows how many new lesions appeared one day, how fast is the process of recovery.Moxibustion zelenkoj bit helps relieve itching.Instead of green fodder can use a weak solution of potassium permanganate.Alcohol and alcohol-containing medications are contraindicated.
features of the disease in children under 1 year
Chickenpox is not terrible babies up to 3 months, whose body still contains the mother's antibodies, which protects it from the aggression of the world.After 3 months of immunity gradually decreases, and grudnichok can easily pick up the disease.For children from 6 months to 1 year old, whose immunity has not been formed, chickenpox is dangerous.
symptoms are the same as in children from 1 year (see. Photo).For children from 3 to 6 months the disease begins with a rash all over the body.The mild form of it can be isolated pimples that quickly pass without fever.
very concerned about itchy body, he becomes whiny, bad eating, sleeping.At this time, as often as possible should breastfeed - it will help to quickly cope with the disease.After consulting a doctor can give an antihistamine syrup, which is used in children up to 1 year (Fenistil).
Treatment is the same as in children from 1 year.Wounds treated with green paint or gel Fenistil.The gel is used in some areas of the skin, immediately the whole body can not smear.Bathe as infrequently as possible, in a basin with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.On small fidgets better to wear a shirt with sleeves sewn.
treatment of chickenpox performed at home under strict rules of personal hygiene products like baby and adult.Walking with the baby, bathe him with acute course of the disease is impossible.With proper compliance with the requirements of the attending physician, the disease is receding at 8-9 days after detection of the first signs and never returned.